(01 Are ice ages real? )
Are ice ages real? Yes!
Are they immediate? Yes!
Is the next Ice Age close? Yes!
Do we need to be concerned? Yes again!
(02 Friedrich Schiller, had lamented )
In the late 1700's Germany's great poet of freedom, Friedrich Schiller, had lamented that all too often the great moments in history find society a little people.
From Schiller's time to ours, more than 200 years have passed, and still the saying is true, perhaps more so than ever. Society has become increasingly small-minded, especially in the context of astrophysics that affects everyone's living on earth more deeply than anything else.
(03 No one is not affected by the effects of the Sun )
No one is not affected by the effects of the Sun on our planet. It becomes important therefore, to gain a wider understanding of the dynamics that affect the Sun, in order that we may adjust our living in accord with the changing dynamics.
(04 When the Sun's radiated energy becomes reduced )
Our understanding of the cosmic dynamics is especially critical in the case of the New Ice Age before us that promises to have gigantic consequences on Earth when the Sun's radiated energy becomes reduced by 70% on the day the Sun goes inactive. That's the day when its external plasma-fusion process falls below its minimal supply threshold and stops. The Sun then becomes as dim as we see it below the sunspots.
(05 Potentially as near as the 2050s )
The day for this transition, by which the Ice Age begins, is near in time, potentially as near as the 2050s. That's when the energy input drops below the minimal threshold that is required for the Sun to remain active. The solar-wind pressure is a perfect indicator of the still remaining strength and its rate of diminishing. When it drops to zero, the fusion process is doomed to suffer a chain-reaction collapse.
(06 The liveable zone on the Earth shrinks )
At this point the liveable zone on the Earth shrinks to the narrow band of the tropics where the solar exposure is the highest, so that 30% of the current solar radiation will be sufficient to sustain life.
While we still have 30 years remaining to adjust our living in accord with the shifting cosmic dynamics, such as by building the infrastructures in the tropics that will be needed at this point, for relocating all the norther nations into the tropics, in real terms we are running out of time already.
(07 Vast infrastructures will have to be in place )
The vast infrastructures will have to be in place and be fully operational before the northern territories become uninhabitable as the result of the 70% reduction of the Sun's radiated energy, because at the point of this transition the liveable area of the world will shrink from the day on when the Sun goes inactive and the Next Ice Age unfolds.
(08 The consequences of an inactive Sun )
The consequences of living under an inactive Sun are so immense that humanity as a whole came out of the Last Ice Age with a tiny world population of a mere 1-10 million people.
(09 Yes, 1-10 million people )
Yes, 1-10 million people, that's all we had left after 2 million years of human development, across more than 20 ice ages.
(10 The depressing effect of the Ice Age )
The depressing effect of the Ice Age environments on human living has evidently been so immense that the concept of human history is typically limited to only the minuscule time of the 12,000 years of the current interglacial period, as if nothing had existed before.
All the creation sagas of the great religions, of the origin of man, are located in the brief period of the current interglacial, which is itself an anomaly.
On the long timeframe of the Pleistocene Ice Age Epoch, the interglacial warm periods, especially those of the last half million years, amount to only 15% of the time, with deep glaciation occurring for the remaining 85% of the time, which renders the glacial environment the normal environment of the Earth during the Pleistocene Epoch.
(11 The ocean levels had dropped 400 feet )
During the last glaciation environment water vapor had turned into snow and had accumulated on land so massively over time that the ocean levels had dropped 400 feet.
The vast historically known sea-level reduction amounts to ice accumulations on land on a scale that defies the imagination. The ice has shaped the landscape.
(12 The great inland sea in northern Canada )
The great inland sea in northern Canada, named Hudson Bay, is believed to have been formed as a depression of the crust of the Earth by the weight of ice accumulations. The great lakes in southern Canada, may have been carved by moving ice masses.
That's the kind of effect that an inactive Sun has had on our planet.
(13 When the Sun goes inactive )
That's the kind of climate future that available evidence suggests will be upon us again, starting in roughly 30 years when the Sun goes inactive. That's what we need to prepare ourselves for, in advance of its happening.
(14 Relocating ourselves into the tropics )
While we can continue to live in the energy-reduced climate by relocating ourselves into the tropics, no intention towards addressing this challenge is evident, or it to be even considered. Instead, society keeps its mind and eyes closed.
(15 Friedrich Schiller's lament still applies )
And so, once again, Friedrich Schiller's lament still applies, that all too often the great moments in history find society a little people.
(16 Almost all of the great pioneers in the world )
Even the world's greatest champions for scientific progress on the entire front continue nevertheless to live with their mind and eyes closed today on the most critical issues that they do not wish to see, even in the face of monumental evidence that the universe and humanity with it, is vastly richer and more powerful than they dare to imagine.
Almost all of the great pioneers in the world who sing the tune of science vigorously, refuse nevertheless to acknowledge that the human being has the capacity with the mind to recognize the principles that operate in the universe, and to look with this mind forward into the future to behold the unfolding of dynamic effects on the cosmic scale 30 years before the visible consequences come to pass.
Only the human being has this kind of capacity on the Earth, but as Friedrich Schiller laments, society, in spite of its great advances, still refuses all too often to acknowledge itself as human beings. It lets the critical opportunities that open doors to great freedoms and unsurpassed creations, pass by unrealized. That's a tragedy that can be healed.
(17 Time remaining to meet the Ice Age challenge fully )
We still have time remaining to us to meet the Ice Age challenge fully, to place our agriculture into the tropics, afloat on the seas for the lack of land in the tropics, together with the building of 6000 new cities for a million people each, complete with new industries, all connected with floating bridges and high-speed railways. Any lesser response amounts to society committing collective suicide.
Fortunately, it is physically possible to build all of the required infrastructures in the 30 years we have remaining in the current interglacial period, but we won't do it, if we don't get started. What hinders us in the present is the devil that is in the mind. That is what needs to be challenged. The devil is small-minded thinking, a lack of universal love for our humanity. With the mind blinded by small-mindedness, society has placed itself into a box that has become a trap. This trap is real. It has consequences, especially in astrophysical science.
(18 The box of perception in astrophysics )
The box of perception in astrophysics has been kept intentionally so small that 99.999% of the mass of the universe is deemed not to exist. The keeper of the box commands: What you see is what you get. You see the consequences as they happen. You do not see principles that cause them. Universal principles do not exist. Plasma in space that you cannot see with the eyes, does not exist, even when the effects are visible. You are allowed to recognize gravity, and you are commanded to recognize it as the only force of the universe. The 'command' is, that anything else does not exist.
Of course, the constricted box in which 99.999% of the mass of the universe is deemed not to exist, is rather empty, isn't it? In this box less than a thousands of a percent of the riches of the universe is allowed to be recognized. The keeper of the box tells society, don't you dare poke a hole through the box and look at the real world. The command reverberates: It doesn't exist.
Nevertheless, it does exist. The reality is, that the dream-images that are conjured up in the prison of the box, are necessarily fairytales.
(19 Plato illustrated the box as a prison )
Plato illustrated the box as a prison in the form of a cave inside a mountain. The prisoners are chained behind a wall. All they ever see are reflections on the wall of a fire that is operated by the keepers of the prison, and some shadow images produced by the keepers. But one day, one prisoner brakes the chains, climbs over the wall, and instantly recognizes that the shadows that they all saw, which defined their world, was an illusion. In time the prisoner notices the exit from the cave, and finds a great wide world outside that he had never imagined to exist.
When Schiller laments that society too often fails to respond to the great opportunities before it, he laments in a sense that too much of society remains imprisoned by its small-minded, captivating, and often intentionally cultivated, illusions.
Obviously, if one is psychologically imprisoned into a science that disregards 99.999% of the universe as if it doesn't exist, one lives in a world of fairytales where extremely little is actually real.
(20 Imprisoned for a thousand years by the doctrine of the church )
Astronomy had been imprisoned for a thousand years by the doctrine of the church that all orbits in the heavens must follow perfect circles, because the circle is a perfect geometric form, consequently the heavens cannot contain anything less.
(21 The astronomer Johannes Kepler )
The astronomer Johannes Kepler was the first man in history who climbed out of this cave and discerned in the mind the greater reality that the senses can never actually see. He liberated astronomy with his discoveries of principles that can only be seen in the mind, by recognizing their effects in the visible universe.
(22 Kepler had discovered the result of a process )
Kepler had discovered the result of a process and the principles expressed by it. However, he did not discover the forces that created the process and maintain it. The required technological capability for this advanced discovery to be possible didn't exist in his time, but it exists now.
Nevertheless, we are facing the same type of challenge today that he faced, to see with the mind, such as the recognition of plasma in cosmic space and its dynamics, which too, can only be recognized by their effects in the visible universe. And this we are capable of.
We can see with the power of the mind the great electromagnetic forces of the universe in action, which are inherent in plasma in space, but which no eye has ever seen, or ever will be able to see. We can only physically see the consequences of the great cosmic forces. Those consequences are actually amazingly massive, as the story of the ice ages hints at.
(23 The year 1990 was the pivotal year )
Most of the hard evidence that we have of the previous ice ages, is relatively recent. Almost all of it didn't exist prior to 1990. The great research efforts and resulting discoveries began around 1990.
The year 1990 was the pivotal year when the scientific ventures related to the ice ages were beginning to bear fruit. The big ice core drilling projects, both in Antarctica and in Greenland, were launched in the 1990s, and in some cases slightly before.
(24 The Ulysses spacecraft was launched )
The year 1990 was also the year when the Ulysses spacecraft was launched into a polar orbit around the Sun that gave us the cleanest and most direct data of the dynamics of the Sun, especially the solar-wind patterns.
(25 Ulysses gave us a clean look at the solar-wind pressure )
From its wide polar orbit around the Sun, the Ulysses instrumentation was able to measure the characteristics of the solar wind without the strong interference by the heliospheric current sheet that extends from the equator of the Sun to the edge of the heliosphere. Ulysses was the first and only satellite we ever had that gave us a clean look at the solar-wind pressure, which is a critical component for understanding the solar factor of the Ice Age dynamics.
(26 From the 1990s onward )
All of this means that humanity's ice age science hadn't had any hard and fast physical data to work with prior to 1990 when the big ice-drilling projects began and the Ulysses satellite was launched. The development of this data, from the 1990s onward, renders the Ice Age science a fairly new discipline, as all prior assumptions were built on just vague evidence or mere conjecture.
(27 Essentially incomplete till the early 2010 timeframe )
And even this advance was essentially incomplete till the early 2010 timeframe when the breakthrough discoveries were made, of the primer fields for the electric Sun, for which verification exists in the Ulysses data, which will be shown later. This means that our understanding of Ice Age physics and its consequences is far from being an old-hat issue.
(28 The very concept of an ice age is relatively new )
In fact, the very concept of an ice age is relatively new. The occurrence of vast global ice ages in the history of the world hadn't even been postulated until the 1800s. The concept simply didn't exist prior to the 1800s.
(29 The Little Ice Age that gripped Europe )
The Little Ice Age that gripped Europe, centered in time on the mid 1600s, had been seen as nothing more than just a strange climate anomaly, when it occurred. To some degree it is still so regarded by many people who are living in the boxed-in world of constricted science.
Way back in time, in the late 1500s, during the early stages of the Little Ice Age, the world had suddenly become colder. No one knew why. Rivers and canals became skating rinks in the winter as this painting from 1608 illustrates. Later, when the cooling deepened, farms and villages in the Swiss Alps were destroyed by encroaching glaciers. This occurred some time during the mid-seventeenth Century.
(30 Even the River Thames froze over )
Even the River Thames froze over at this time, as the painting shows from 1677. The summers too, were cold and wet, and with great variability. Crop practices had to be altered to adapt to the shortened, less reliable growing season. Many years of dearth and famine resulted from this climate change.
(31 The famines were less popular )
At the time, ice skating became rather popular as this painting from 1790 shows. The famines were less popular, though. Famines in France and Sweden claimed roughly 10 percent of the population, and in Estonia 20%, and in Finland more than 30%. These were hard times.
(32 The cold period lasted into the mid 1800s )
The cold period lasted into the mid 1800s, as the scene shows from Rotterdam in 1825. Nor had the Little Ice Age been a local phenomenon, as some scientists still claim.
(33 Ice core records from Antarctica )
Ice core records from Antarctica show a marked drop in CO2 concentration in the ice, for the period of the Little Ice Age. Lower CO2 levels typically reflect colder global temperatures.
(34 Coincidence of the Maunder Minimum )
It was discovered in much later times, that in the middle of the exceedingly cold period, almost no sunspots had occurred on the face of the sun. The lack of sunspots became known as the Maunder Minimum. It extended from 1645 to 1715.
For a single stretch of 30 years within this period, fewer than 50 sunspots were observed, as compared with 40,000–50,000 spots in modern times. However, the coincidence of the Maunder Minimum with the cold period hadn't been recognized until the late 1800s. It had been regarded as unimportant earlier, just as the Ice Age phenomenon itself had been regarded as unimportant then. The recognition was beginning to dawn much later in the 1800s.
(35 No one at the time imagined that large-scale climate changes )
A geographer, who reported on his journey through the Alps in the mid 1700s, had noted large boulders in the valley that shouldn't be where they were. He was told by the locals that the glaciers had once extended far down into the valley, which had probably brought the boulders with them. With the 'discovery' of other such boulders in strange places, near glaciers, the idea began to dawn that major glaciation periods had occurred in the past.
With it, as an explanation, the idea emerged in the mid 1800s that the climate changes for the theorized ice ages, must have been caused by changes in the Earth orbit. No one at the time imagined that large-scale climate changes could be caused by factors that affect our Sun directly. The Maunder minimum hadn't been seen as related evidence then. This connection hadn't been recognized at the time, or it had not been known at the time.
The connection between changes in solar activity and the climate on Earth, is increasingly being acknowledged. This means that it is also being acknowledged in leading-edge circles that the Sun plays a causative role in climate dynamics.
While the causative role of the Sun is still under dispute by some, the theory that orbital cycles must cause the ice ages is likewise still upheld by them, though no real evidence exists in support of the theory.
(36 The modern version of the orbital cycles theory )
The modern version of the orbital cycles theory is the Milankovitch cycles theory. It combines three minuscule cyclical variations, spanning tens of thousands of years each, into a composite climate effect. The theory breaks down, however when one considers that every single one of the considered cyclical variations has no net effect on the total sunlight received on Earth, even by changes in the orbital eccentricity, as Johannes Kepler had discovered already in the 1600s.
The orbital cycles only alter the seasonal and hemispheric distribution of the solar radiation received, which are too minuscule to cause the gigantic Ice Age phenomena.
(37 The evidence that the Ice Ages are global )
The evidence that the Ice Ages are global, and not hemispheric, did not exist at the time the Milankovitch theory was created, which might not have been created had this fact been known at the time.
(38 Evidence for the global ice age is extremely new )
The evidence for the global ice age is extremely new, so that concrete evidence didn't exist until the early 1990s when the deep ice cores were drilled both in Greenland and in Antarctica, which both presented identical results.
(39 The Russian station, Vostok )
The Russian station, Vostok, was set up in 1957, and remained manned year-round thereafter at the coldest spot on Earth, measured at -89.2 C.
(40 Vostock had drilled its first deep hole in 1990 )
Vostock had drilled its first deep hole in 1990, 2,200 meters deep into the ice. This was a big achievement. The retrieved samples cover a period of 150,000 years into the past. Later drilling reached a depth of 3623 meters in 1996, which cut through 420,000 years of ice accumulation, spanning almost 4 full glaciation cycles.
(41 The Greenland Ice Core Project )
The Greenland Ice Core Project, in central Greenland, completed its first deep drilling in 1992.
The project had drilled 3028 meters deep into the ice.
(42 Ice from the last 100,000 years )
It had extracted ice from the last 100,000 years, containing records of the climate in the northern hemisphere.
(43 Proof that Ice Ages are a global phenomena )
The results obtained from Greenland, as one would expect, matched closely the results obtained from Antarctica.
The coincidence in the ice from these widely separated drilling sites, provides solid proof that Ice Ages are a global phenomena.
(44 Measurements of deep ocean sediments )
The ice cores samples obtained at the Vostok site in Antarctica, further agree with measurements of deep ocean sediments.
Of course, all these measurements themselves do not indicate, or even proof, what had actually caused the ice ages. Or do they?
(45 The Greenland ice cores tell us )
The Greenland ice cores tell us that the Ice Age itself, which cuts very deep into the negative temperatures, has many enormous fluctuations occurring within them. Some are reaching from the deepest low-level, almost instantly, to near the interglacial level, with transition times sometimes measured in just decades.
(46 The NGRIP project )
That these immense temperature swings during the last Ice Age are not anomalies of a specific drilling site on Greenland, became apparent when the deep drilling was repeated a decade later at another location on the Greenland Ice Sheet, further north, called the NGRIP project.
(47 Large fluctuations do not show up in Antarctica )
Essentially the same fluctuation were measured there, as were measured at the more southern site. The fact that the large fluctuations do not show up in Antarctica, may be due to the fact that Antarctica is essentially an ice desert that gets not enough accumulation to preserve the fine details.
It is evidently for this reason, too, that the Antarctic ice is sampled for changing ratios of deuterium in the ice, which is a heavy isotope of hydrogen, while in the 'wetter' Greenland the ratio of the heavy isotope of oxygen, named oxigen-18, is measured. These differences too, affect the details that can be observed.
(48 Details in the Greenland ice 'speak' of immense events )
All of this tells us that the sharply defined details in the Greenland ice are real, and that they 'speak' of immense events that have occurred during the last glaciation period.
The truly immense events evidently reflect immense causes, such as the Sun becoming re-activated briefly at regular intervals during the glaciation period. Attempts have been made to explain the gigantic events as resulting from ocean current fluctuations. That's hardly a reasonable possibility in a largely frozen Ice Age world.
(49 Look at the Little Ice Age in comparison )
Now look at the Little Ice Age in comparison, which we do have records of. The Little Ice Age represents a half a degree of cooling on the cosmic scale. Sure, on the ground the effect seemed big. It changed the landscape and caused famines. But in real terms, it is almost unrecognizable on the larger scale where we see fluctuations happening that are 40 times as extensive.
Immensely huge events have cause these gigantic fluctuations. The cause for these enormous effects can only be attributed to the Sun. The Maunder Minimum points in this direction. During the 'tiny' Little Ice Age the Sun had weakened enough to loose its sunspots. For the huge events, we will likely see the Sun going inactive completely, because nothing else makes any sense to have an effect on the enormous scale of the events that we have discovered in the ice core data.
(50 Our Sun, as a plasma star )
Our Sun, as a plasma star, is powered by interstellar plasma that is drawn together into plasma streams that typically tie the stars together into strings of various lendths, as the encircled examples show.
(51 Plasma streams have a specific electric resonance )
The electric plasma streams also have a specific electric resonance, according to the length of the plasma streams between stars. The resonance determines the length of time of the ice age cycle. In the solar system, an ice age cycle is presently slightly over 100,000 years in duration. It is made up of an interglacial warm period of typically 12,000 years, in which the Sun is constantly powered, and a 90,000-year glacial period in which the Sun is typically inactive.
In principle, the ratio between the active period and inactive period is determined by the plasma-density threshold level, above which a sun remains active, and below which it remains mostly inactive. The active period becomes the interglacial period, and the largely inactive period, the glacial period.
(52 The orbital cycles of the Milankovitch theory )
This means, that in principle, the timing of the ice ages is largely determined by the density baseline in the interstellar plasma streams, and by their resonance, or a combination of the in-flowing and out-flowing resonances interacting. In earlier time the ice age cycles were shorter than they are today, with a duration of 41,000 years. The shorter time suggests that a different resonance and a different baseline was dominant.
The orbital cycles of the Milankovitch theory, are evidently not causative factors for the ice ages, as their effects are too minuscule, but were themselves effects of the changing, immensely powerful, plasma-flow pattern.
(53 The type of event that is big enough )
The type of event that is big enough to cause the immense fluctuations, which nothing less could cause than the Sun going inactive, is totally possible for a Sun that is electrically powered, which it obviously is.
I have explored the factor of the electric Sun in a previous video. We have plenty of evidence on hand that the Sun is electrically powered, powered by plasma fusion occurring on its surface. We also have hard evidence on hand that a transition is in progress, towards the Sun going inactive in roughly 30 years.
And again this evidence takes us back to 1990 when the big ice core drilling was started. For the focus on the Sun itself, an exploration satellite had been launched in 1990 that had observed the Sun outside the 'fog' in the solar system's ecliptic.